A comprehensive dental exam will be performed by the dentist at your initial dental visit. At regular check-up exams, your dentist and hygienists will perform the following.
- Examination of diagnostic x-rays: Essential for detection of decay, infections, tumors, cyst, and bone loss. X-rays also help determine tooth and root positions.
- Oral cancer screening: Check the face, neck, lips, tongue, throat, tissue and gums for any signs of oral cancer.
- Gum disease evaluation: Check the gums and bone around teeth for any signs of periodontal disease.
- Examination of tooth decay: All tooth surfaces will be checked for decay with special dental instruments.
- Examination of existing restorations: Check current fillings, crowns, bridges, implants, etc.
Professional Dental Cleaning
Professional dental cleanings (dental prophylaxis) are performed by a Dental Hygienist. Your cleaning appointment will include a dental exam and the following:
- Removal of calculus (tartar): Calculus is hardened plaque that has been left on the tooth for some time and is now firmly attached to the tooth surface. Calculus forms above and below the gumline and can only be removed with special dental instruments.
- Removal of plaque: Plaque is a sticky, almost invisible film that forms on the teeth. It is a growing colony of living bacteria, food debris, and saliva. The bacteria produce toxins that inflame the gums. The inflammation is the start of periodontal disease.
- Teeth polishing: Remove stain and plaque that is not otherwise removed during tooth brushing and scaling.
- Sealants: A sealant is a thin plastic coating applied to the chewing surface of molars, premolars and any deep grooves. Teeth with these conditions are hard to clean and are very susceptible to decay. A sealant protects the tooth by sealing deep grooves